চাকরির প্রস্তুতির জন্য “Right form of Verb” এর কিছু গুরুত্বপূর্ণ নিয়ম (পর্ব-৩)
✐ Rule-23::*** in/ of/ for/ with/ without/ before/ after প্রভৃতি Peposition- এর পরে Verb এর সহিত ing যোগ হয়। যেমন:
= I don’t believe in overloading my stomach.
= I had never thought of going there.
✐ Rule-24::*** Always, often, sometimes, everyday, daily, regularly, usually, normally, occasionally এ শব্দগুলো কোন sentence এ থাকলে তা present indefinite tense হয়।
= Rabindranath’s stories often have surprise ending.
= Fatema learns her lessons regularly.
= Setu always disturbs the students of her class.
= A good student learns his lessons regularly.
✐ Rule-25::*** now, at this moment, at this time, at present, look, still এ শব্দগুলো কোন sentence এ থাকলে তা present continuous tense হয়।
= Now the students are singing the national anthem.
= The boys are watching the television at present.
= They are enjoying a song at this moment.
✐ Rule-26::*** Already, just, just now, never, ever, lately, recently এ শব্দগুলো কোন sentence এ থাকলে তা present perfect tense হয়।
= He has finished the work yet.
= Setu has come from her college just now
✐ Rule-27::*** since, for, how long (ধরে, থেকে, হতে) এ শব্দগুলো কোন sentence এ থাকলে তা present perfect continuous tense হয়।
= It has been raining since morning
= Hasan has been playing cricket for two hours.
✐ Rule-28::*** Yesterday, ago, long ago, long since, last, last night, last week, last month, as soon as, the day before yesterday, once এ শব্দগুলো কোন sentence এ থাকলে তা past indefinite tense হয়।
= I opened the door as soon as I heard the bell.
= Liza came here yesterday
✐ Rule-29::*** At that moment, at that time, then এ শব্দগুলো কোন sentence এ থাকলে তা past continuous tense হয়।
= Fatema was doing her homework at that moment.
✐ Rule-30::*** Tomorrow, next, next week/ year, coming এ শব্দগুলো কোন sentence এ থাকলে তা future indefinite tense হয়।
= Our exam will be held on Tomorrow
= Laboni will return from Dinajpur next week.
✐ Rule-31::*** By, by this time, by(time, month, year), next ( time, month, year), by next ( time, month, year) এ শব্দগুলো কোন sentence এ থাকলে তা future perfect tense হয়।
= Zihad will have finished the project by next month.
= The Padma bridge will have been opened by 2024.
= By 2041, Bangladesh will have become a developed country.
✐ Rule-32::*** Sentence-এ wish, fancy, it is time, it is high time ইত্যাদি থাকলে Verb এর Past Tense হয় এবং (be) থাকলেই were হয়
= I wish I won the first prize in the lottery.
= I fancy I flew among the stars.
= It is time you changed your bad habit.
= I wish I were a rich man.
✐ Rule-33::***Sentence-এ যদি as if, as though ইত্যাদি থাকে তাহলে বন্ধনীস্থ (be) এর স্থলে were অথবা V2 বসে।
= He speaks as if he were the owner of the farm.
= The man speaks as though he knew everything.
= The man speaks as if he were a landlord.
@ হারুনুর রশিদ, রাজশাহী বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়।