চাকরির প্রস্তুতির জন্য “Right form of Verb” এর কিছু গুরুত্বপূর্ণ নিয়ম (পর্ব-৪)
✐ Rule-34::*** While-এর ঠিক পরই ব্রাকেটের মধ্যে যে Verb থাকে তার সঙ্গে ing যোগ হয়। কিন্তু While-এর পরে Subject থাকলে While-এর অংশটি Past Continuous Tense হয়।
= While he was walking in the garden, a snake bit him.
= While it was raining, I went to college.
✐ Rule-35::*** একই দৈর্ঘ্য. পরিমাণ বা স্থান বোঝালে Subject দেখতে Plural হলেও verb এর Singular Number হয়।
= Fifty miles was a long way.
= Twenty miles is not a great distance now a days.
= Sixty cents is/was enough for him.
= Twenty dollars is not sufficient in line.
= Fifty cents was enough at that time.
✐ Rule-36::*** Main Clause-এর Verbটি Past Tense-এর হলে এবং পরের অংশে next day, next week, next month, next year ইত্যাদি উল্লেখ থাকলে Subject-পরে would/should বসে এবং Verb –এর Present Form হয়।
= He said that he would go home the next day.
= He told that he would come here the next year.
= He said that he would buy a new TV the next day.
The + noun or verb + ing + of.
= The necessity of learning English is indescribable.
= The using of Mobile is available .
✐ RULE 38::*** ( Feel, love, hear, like, hate, see, forget, consist, seem, sound, smell, believe, know, wish, doubt, prefer, imagine, fear, taste, astonish, please, understand) they are used in present Indefinite tense not in continuous tense.
🕮 Exam:I see the bird.
I hear news.
I forget everything.
✐ RULE 39::*** Distance/money/time + singular verb
🕮 Exam:Thirty miles is a long way.
100 years is a long time.
Money begets money.
✐ RULE 40::*** Arithmetical Operations ( singular verb)
🕮 Exam: Two and two makes four.
Five plus five is ten
Ten minus five is five.
Ten divided by two is five.
✐ RULE 41:: ***
Uncountable noun ( water, air, tea, sugar, environment, furniture, kindness, rainfall, reputation, wood, paper, gum, courtesy, earth, bread, oxygen, smoke, Bangla, English.) + singular verb.
= Air is very important element of the environment.
= Water plays a vital role in agriculture.
✐ RULE 42::*** To be verb ( am is are was were, have has, had ) এদের পর subjective form বসে।
= It is me/ I/ him/ he
Ans: I / He
= It were you/ them/ us,they.
✐ RULE 43::***
Agree, appear, arrange, ask,claim, consent, decide, deserve, demand, fail, forget, hesitate, hope, intend, learn, manage mean, need, offer, plan, prepare, pretend, promise, refuse, seem, tend, threaten, wait, want. এ verb গুলোর পর অন্য কোন verb আসলে দ্বিতীয় verb এর পূর্বে to বসে।
= He intends to stay in Rajshahi for two months.
= We forgot to do the assignment.
✐ RULE 44::***
Admit, avoid, discuss, practise, mention, understand, complete, risk recall, miss, deny, keep, suggest recommend, appreciate, enjoy, quite, tolerate, consider, finish, stop, regret, postpone. এ verb গুলোর পর অন্য কোন verb আসলে দ্বিতীয় verb এর পূর্বে ing বসে।
= We enjoy playing cricket.
= Hasan stop talking drugs after getting married.
- A) If +Present Indefinite+present indefinite.
- B) If +Present Indefinite+Future Indefinite.
- C) If+ past indefinite+ (could/might/would)+ verb1.***
- D) If+ past perfect +(could have/might have/would have)+ verb3.***
= If the sun rises, it sets as well.
= If you walk slowly, you will miss the train.
= If you went, you would see him.
= If you had read attentively, you would have gotten chance.
@ হারুনুর রশিদ, রাজশাহী বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়।